First Grade Math Skills and Concepts



While
every state and school district differs slightly, below you will find many of the Math concepts children
will likely be covering in 1st Grade Math such as Skip Counting and Using a Hundreds
Board, Math Facts, Money, Place Value, Telling Time, Measurement, Shapes and Solids, Symmetry, Fractions,
Patterns, and Graphs. The Giggle Facts Math
Program will not only help students
master their Addition and Subtraction Facts, but will also help kids
with many other math concepts they will encounter in First Grade.
You may notice that
many concepts and skills repeat over these four grade levels. This is due to the fact that math concepts
build on each other grade by grade. Giggle Facts is designed for
kids aged 4 to 8 and supports math learning, skills and concepts in Kindergarten, First Grade, 2nd Grade and 3rd Grade.
It is a complete math program and is great for First Grade Math Games.

Skip Counting & Using a Hundreds Board


Math Facts  Addition and Subtraction



Students
in First Grade will learn to count by 1s, and skip count by numbers like 2s, 5s, and 10s (ex: 2,4, 6, 8, or 5, 10, 15, 20).
Frequently, a Hundreds Board is used to visually represent these concepts, and to assist students
in learning them. Giggle Facts teaches children the relationship between numbers (Number Sense), which
in turn helps with concepts such as skip counting, greater than / less than, before / after, odd and even numbers, etc.


Addition and Subtraction Math Facts will be introduced
in First Grade (if they weren’t already introduced in Kindergarten). Students will learn Math Fact
Addition strategies such as “Doubles” (6+6 or 4+4), “Turnarounds” (2+7 = 7+2), “Near Doubles”,
“Almost Doubles” or “Doubles Plus 1” (6+6+12, so 6+7= one more, or 13). They will
also be introduced to the concept of Subtraction, and will learn the “easier” Subtraction Facts. Students will likely have opportunities to practice Math Facts in the classroom,
however, most children need to spend more time at home practicing them. Giggle Facts (see Giggle Facts Homepage) reinforces the strategies above, and incorporates many others as well. Since instant recall of Math Facts
is imperative to learning higherlevel math concepts (see Research), it is very important to practice Math Facts often. Giggle Facts (see Sample Games) is a perfect way to play while learning Addition and Subtraction Facts, without relying solely on tedious flashcards.
The Math program includes the frequent use of playing cards, dominoes, and multisided dice (see Program Components) to make learning fun and to make the math games engaging for children.








First
Graders will count / add pennies, nickels, dimes, quarters, and perhaps dollar bills. The concept of making
change will be introduced. Children who know their Addition and Subtraction Facts will, overall, have an easier time
adding / counting money. Students who have an understanding of Subtraction will have an easier time with
making change. Giggle Facts allows children to develop their number sense that will help them make connections between Math
Facts and skip counting with money.


Each
digit in larger numbers has a value, depending on its position in the number. For example, in the number
478, the 4 is worth 4 “hundreds” (or 400), the 7 is worth 7 “tens” (or 70), and the 8 is worth 8 “ones”,
or simply 8. Giggle Facts teaches students to break down larger numbers into their smaller components (tens
and ones) through 2 different strategies. There is an Addition strategy named “Teens”,
and a Subtraction strategy named “More Teens” in the Giggle Facts program that supports the concept of Place Value.








Learning
to tell time is an important skill that students work on in First Grade. They will likely tell time to
the hour, halfhour, quarterhour, and perhaps even to 5 minutes using both digital and analog clocks. The concept of elapsed time may also be introduced,
and once again, the keen number sense that students will develop through the Giggle Facts program will aid them in understanding this tricky concept.


First Graders will have many opportunities
to measure in a variety of ways. Grade One students will learn linear measurement with nonstandard units
(ex: hand spans) and standard units (ex: inches or centimeters), as well as temperature using a thermometer, time using calendars,
etc.








Students will learn to classify
2dimensional shapes by shape, color and size. They will also look at various attributes of shapes (ex:
number of sides, corners, etc.). Solids (3D) such as cones, cylinders, prisms, pyramids and spheres will
also be introduced.


An image that is symmetrical is
something that has two sides that are identical. One side could be seen as a “mirror image”
of the other side. Students will have opportunities to look for symmetry in everyday objects, as well as
create symmetrical patterns of their own.








Fractional parts of a whole will
be investigated (ex: the child will see a circle, and will divide it into several equal parts like halves, thirds, fourths,
sixths, etc.). Fractions of a group might also be introduced (ex: how to divide a class of 24 children
into 6 equal groups).


First Grade students have done some work with Color, Shape and Number
Patterns, and they will continue to discover ways to create new patterns. This skill incorporates
some adding and subtracting, logical thinking, etc.






First Graders will have many
opportunities to measure in a variety of ways. Grade One students will learn linear measurement with nonstandard
units (ex: hand spans) and standard units (ex: inches or centimeters), as well as temperature using a thermometer, time using
calendars, etc.







